Maryland just voted to legalize marijuana. Here’s what happens next

Published on November 8, 2022 · Last updated May 12, 2023

Congratulations, Maryland!

The Old Line State has officially legalized recreational cannabis via Question 4. The constitutional amendment passed by a margin of 65% to 35%.

The vote follows the passage of two bills—HB 1 and HB 837—in the Maryland Legislature earlier this year.

The former effectively permitted legalization to appear on the November ballot, while the latter provides some limited ground rules for the state’s adult-use cannabis program. Lawmakers, however, must still craft much of the program’s regulatory and licensing framework via new legislation.

Here’s what happens next.

No, not quite yet. Maryland will decriminalize and then legalize possession in two stages.

Starting January 1, 2023, Maryland will consider the possession of up to 1.5 ounces of cannabis a civil offense. (Maryland voted to decriminalize the possession of up to 10 grams of cannabis all the way back in 2013. The charge remains punishable by no more than a $100 fine.)

Full legalization (in terms of possession, at least) won’t commence until July 1, 2023…a full seven months after the vote. At that point, possession laws will change.

How much can I possess?

Beginning July 1, 2023, every adult 21 or older will be able to possess up to 1.5 ounces of cannabis. Possession of 1.5 ounces to 2.5 ounces would be subject only to a fine, and not considered a criminal offense.

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When can I legally buy marijuana?

Maryland adults can begin buying marijuana from existing medical dispensaries on July 1, 2023.

Can I grow cannabis at home?

Yes, adults can grow up to two cannabis plants at home.

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Will there be new retail marijuana shops?

Yes. HB 837 mandates the creation of a Cannabis Assistance Fund, which will use money from the state budget, to provide grants, loans, and license application assistance to small businesses, women-owned businesses, and minority-owned businesses.

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Beyond these equity licenses however, the existing bills do not provide details on licensing new businesses.

Will marijuana be taxed?

It’s a safe bet that Maryland will tax cannabis, but lawmakers must still figure out the rates with subsequent legislation. Neither HB1 nor HB 837 includes language around taxation.

Is there a sentence expungement process?


HB 837 provides automatic expungement for individuals charged solely with possession of cannabis. The bill requires the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services to expunge those records by July 2024.

Individuals previously charged with intent to distribute can also petition for expungement ,after serving three years of their sentence.

Can my town ban cannabis stores?

Neither bill contains language regarding an opt-out measure for towns and counties.

Can retail marijuana stores advertise?

Neither bill contains language regarding cannabis advertising. It does however, call for the creation of an Advisory Council that will make recommendations on advertising and other regulations.

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Max Savage Levenson
Max Savage Levenson
Max Savage Levenson likely has the lowest cannabis tolerance of any writer on the cannabis beat. He also writes about music for Pitchfork, Bandcamp and other bespectacled folk. He co-hosts The Hash podcast. His dream interview is Tyler the Creator.
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