Aloha Leafly 'Ohana!
Mahalo = Thank you for doing jungle justice by yet another Pakalōlō plant from paradise!!
We are including some Mana'o = Knowledge from our article "Hawaiian Pakalōlō Rootz: Hawaiian History 420" about the history of Hawaiian Duckfoot & her Hawaiian cousins:
Some of the most amazing Pakalōlō strains on Earth like OG Kush, NYC Diesel and Chemdawg can be traced back to a bag seed that the breeder Chemdawg acquired at a Grateful Dead show in Colorado in 1991, but is it possible that some of our favorite Hawaiian Pakalōlō genetics originate from a bag seed all the way back in the year 1769?
Captain James Cook arrived in Hawai’i the year 1778 and was credited as the man who “discovered” the already inhabited Hawaiian islands.
James Cook had a botanist by the name of Sir Joseph Banks, who was quite the cannabis enthusiast to say the very least.
Sir Joseph Banks is responsible for spreading Pakalōlō seeds all over the world.
As the British Empire expanded in the 1700’s, the bounties and treasures of the world were brought back from the four corners of the earth, not the least of which was bud and hash of Indian Hemp, a.k.a Cannabis Indica.
The sailors enjoyed smoking it and one intellectual nobleman enjoyed the heady effects so much he made it his mission to spread cannabis seed worldwide.
Enter one Sir Joseph Banks, nobleman, prodigy botanist, world explorer, and cannabis grower extraordinaire.
To some he is founder of Australia (there are some theories that claim he founded Australia specifically in order to cultivate cannabis) hero of the British Empire, he is trusted botanist to King George III and his family, as well as a procurer of fine hashish for Coleridge and the Romantic Poets, as discovered through personal letters.
In 1769, as a young stoner, and the official botanist, he sailed with Captain Cook on his first voyage.
In Tahiti, to his more conservative crew’s dismay, he stripped down and celebrated with the locals, participating in local customs and ritual. They took him in as one of their own.
Could the high quality hash and Pakalōlō seeds he brought to share, barter and trade with have had something to do with his popularity with the locals?
By 1789 he was the head botanist in the British Empire, the man responsible for choosing which seeds were valuable for trade and propagation, and he made sure cannabis seeds were on every ship, a plant of strategic importance to spread to every colony, both the tall lanky sativa used for canvas and rope as well as the short stout smelly Indica variety used for medicine and recreation.
On Captain Cook’s second voyage of discovery in 1778, where he made the first contact with the people of Hawai`i, he must have had some of Sir Joseph Bank’s Pakalōlō seeds onboard for trade with the native people.
Seeds were a kind of universal currency in those days.Captain Vancouver landed in 1789 and befriended King Kamehameha, his botanist came bearing gifts of new useful plants for the nation of Hawai`i, one of these special plants came to be known by the locals as Pakalōlō.
Hawaiian Landrace Ha’awina
The Hawaiian word for lesson is Ha’awina.
A landrace is a domesticated, regional Eco-type, a locally adapted, traditional variety of a domesticated species of animal or plant that has developed over time, through adaptation to its natural and cultural environment of agriculture, and due to isolation from other populations of the species.
Another important term for this Ha’awina is: Genetic divergence.
Genetic divergence is the process in which two or more populations of an ancestral species accumulate independent genetic changes (mutations) over the years, often after the populations have become reproductively isolated for some period of time.
As Hawai’i is the most isolated island chain on Earth, the potential for any species of plant or animal to exhibit genetic divergence as it adapts to its new lush tropical environment over time, evolving into a landrace, is irrefutable.
Pakalōlō has been a part of Hawaiian culture for well over two centuries, many who live here in Hawai’i and have ‘Ohana (family) who have a personal relationship with Hawaiian heirloom Pakalōlō passed down over Hanauna (generations) would argue Pakalōlō has been a part of Hawaiian culture much longer.
Over the years Pakalōlō cultivated in Hawai’i became Hawaiian Landrace by adapting and changing, engaging in genetic divergence in the tropical paradise and perfect Pakalōlō growing environment we call Hawai’i.Pakalōlō grown on different islands, in different climate zones became the wonderful Hawaiian landrace strains we know and love today by names such as: Maui Wowie, Kona Gold, Kaua’i Electric, Moloka’i Purpz and that stinky stout little survivor from the land of lava; Puna Buddaz.
While we may never truly know if the origins of Hawaiian Pakalōlō came from bird migration, like the flight of the golden plover, traveling between Hawai’i to Asia, and mainland America.
Or Polynesian and European explorers bringing their favorite seeds with them to share on their journey?
Was Pakalōlō brought to Hawai’i organically by Mother Nature drifting along ocean currents?
Perhaps it was a lovely crescendo, a perfectly random combination of all of the above.
One thing we most definitely do know is that Pakalōlō found a home in the birthplace of the Aloha Spirit and was accepted by the local people and tropical climate zones with open arms, becoming Hawaiian over the centuries, cultivated in paradise.
For our final Ha’awina we will translate the phrase:
~ "Hawai’i Pakalōlō Nō Ka ‘oi” = Hawaiian Pakalōlō is da best ~
Mahalo Leafly 'Ohana!!!